The Sundarban is a delta formed at the confluence of the rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra with the Bay of Bengal in India and Bangladesh. It is the world's largest mangrove forest area.  The Indian part of the Sundarban covers an area of 9630 sq. kms,  The Sundarban Tiger Project covers an area of 2585 sq. kms of which the core area is 1330 sq. kms. This core area is a National Park. The Indian Sundarban has been recognized to be a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. It is also on the list of IUCN as a World Heritage Site.
The Sundarban is popularly believed to mean "beautiful forests", deriving its name from the "Sundari" tree (Heritiera fomes). Here the tide comes twice daily, over a large area deepening old channels and cutting new ones. The soils are forever shifting and the maps of Sundarban never accurately depict its constant transformation.
The Sundarban exhibit a ferocity that is rarely seen in other places. Cyclones are common in coastal areas of the Sundarban and have been responsible for widespread death and destruction. This is also the land of the Royal Bengal tiger, with a propensity for man-eating.
Sundarban offers bountiful natural resources, invaluable tropical mangals, fresh and marine fishes and other aquatic organisms, endangered Royal Bengal tigers, spotted deer, crocodiles, dolphins, batagur baska, numerous avifauna and other faunas. In contrast, quite frequently it has to face tremendous loss of life and property because of its proneness and susceptibility to natural hazards viz. tropical cyclone, tidal upsurge & flash flood, coastal erosion, increasing salinity both in soil and water. These natural hazards along with human interference adversely affected the growth of human settlement throughout the early history of Sundarban.


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